Citrine
Citrine
Citrinegemmology
Species Quartz
Colour Light to dark yellow, gold-brown
Chemical composition SiO, silicon dioxide
Crystal system Hexagonal (trigonal), hexagonal prisms with pyramids
Hardness 7 (Mohs scale)
Specific gravity 2.65
Refractive index 1.544 - 1.553
Birefringence +0.009
Colour of streak White
Absorption spectrum Not diagnostic
Fluorescence None

 

Citrine location and deposits

The most important deposits of natural Citrine are in Tanzania. Other locations include Brazil, Argentina, Madagascar, Myanmar (Burma), Namibia Russia, Scotland and Spain.

Citrine

Shining with a golden glow, people have long treasured Citrine as a gift from the sun. Citrine, a variety of transparent quartz, is named after the French citron , or lemon. Its colour ranges from a juicy lemon yellow to a bright orangey brown. In all of its glorious golden and yellow colours, Citrine is the most affordable of all the earth-toned gemstones, the perfect complement to all the warm tones in your wardrobe. It's sunny shades are also a lovely way to light up black and grey or contrast against blue.

In ancient times, Citrine was said to have the power to ward off snakebite. Even more powerfully, the ancients believed Citrine also protected against the venom of evil words and thoughts. Citrine is an alternate birthstone for November.

Citrine was particularly popular in the retro jewellery of the 1940s. It's sunny colour and dramatic proportions suited the streamlined style and bold gold of the era. It was often set with ruby, Peridot, and aquamarine in colourful brooches, necklaces and bracelets. Jewellery designers today also love to set Citrine in yellow gold, either alone or in combination with amethyst, blue topaz, or Peridot.

Most Citrine is mined in Brazil, particularly the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Many Citrine begin their lives as amethyst. After gentle heating, the purple fades and a golden yellow takes its place.

Sometimes you will hear Citrine referred to as topaz quartz. Many yellow gems have been called topaz over the years. Since topaz is a separate mineral, the industry has ruled to eliminate this name as confusing.

Citrine is generally more affordable than amethyst, its quartz cousin. Like all quartz gems, Citrine is relatively plentiful and is available in a wide range of sizes and shapes, including very large sizes. Joan Crawford often wore an emerald-cut Citrine ring that was more than 100 carats. She had a matching cuff bracelet and necklace also set with huge Citrine.

Like other quartz gems, Citrine is durable and great for everyday wear. Clean with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect. Avoid exposure to high heat, which may fade its colour.